For general information on climate change, I
would suggest the site of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC.
Below are elements on my own work on climate
change. For a synthesis, see my paper
in the International Review for Environmental Strategies.
The most important question is how to
progressively integrate all countries into climate change mitigation efforts.
- In 1999, I have suggested the option of "non-binding
targets" for developing countries. My first paper was presented at
the Fourth OECD Forum on Climate Change. The final version was published
in Energy Policy and is available here.
- In 2001 I published with Jonathan Pershing, head of the Energy and
Environment Division at the International Energy Agency an assessment of the diverse options for future
commitments by developing countries, in Climate Policy. Here is it.
- In october 2002
the IEA published a book I wrote together with Jonathan Pershing, head of
the Energy and Environment Division, entitled "Beyond Kyoto - Energy
Dynamics and Climate Stabilisation". It
can be downloaded here
is one of the presentation I made of this book.
In December 2003, at the occasion of the Ninth Conference of the Parties
to the UN Convention on Climate Change, the IEA has published an updated summary
of this book. Here is how I now summarise its lessons.
- In March 2003, I wrote a short note on the price cap
concept with Patrick Criqui (IEPE) for the RFF-IFRI workshop on next
steps beyond Kyoto.
- In June 2003, the Annex I Expert Group to the UNFCCC released an
OECD/IEA information paper about the future of the Convention, entitled
"Evolution of Mitigation Commitments: Some Key Issues".
I wrote it with Jonathan Pershing (IEA), Jan Corfee
Morlot and Stephane Willems at the OECD Environment Directorate. Please
download it here.
- A follow-up is this paper I wrote with Julia Reinaud
for a discussion in an AIXG seminar open to developing country
representatives. All you always wanted to know about emissions
- A recent paper, released in June by the so-called "Annex I
Expert Group on the UNFCCC" explores the approaches
for future international co-operation against climate change. Here is an
overview of future possible architectures presented at a meeting in Beijing, in english and chinese. This paper has been followed by two
others. One investigates the compatibility
of new (quantitative) commitments options with emissions trading, the
other how one could think of integrating
very different approaches in a single international agreement.
- I wrote in September 2005 a paper on solar
thermal, for low temperature heat, high temperature heat, production
of electricity and fuels, at the request of the InterAcademy
Council. I further developed the analysis of barriers to technology
diffusion with the case of solar
Another area of research has been discounting.
Mitigating climate change would cost today, but the benefits will only appear
in the future. Discounting would give these benefits (the avoided climate
damages) a low value. How does the theory of discounting confront with the
climate change issue - or more generally with future generations and the
environment? In 2003 I wrote a review, Discounting
the Future, for the Ecological Economics On-line Encyclopedia. A
peer-reviewed and updated version is chapter 10 of a new book
edited by David J. Pannell and Steven G.M. Schilizzi,
Economics and the Future. You can
also get my paper in Energy Policy vol. 27 n°15, dated December 1999.
And for those who whish to read my unpublished paper referenced in the former (Philibert, 1996), here is this text on the isolation
The clean development mechanism of the Kyoto
Protocol allows crediting investors of "certified emission
reductions" from projects in developing countries. But how to compute the
reference emissions - what would have
happened otherwise? For an economist, the only appropriate method is to
calculate what investment would have provided the largest net present value and
to compare with the project under the CDM. See here
"an economic approach of environmental additionality".
In 2000, I looked at the possible linkages
between local and global environmental issues in three countries, China, India